Gareth Jones

[bas relief by Oleh Lesiuk]

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Tell Them We Are Starving

(2015)

 

 

Eyewitness to the Holodomor

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More Than Grain of Truth

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(2001)

 

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'Are you Listening NYT?'  U.N. Speech - Nov 2009

 

Gareth Recognised at Cambridge - Nov 2009

 

Reporter and the Genocide - Rome, March 2009

 

Order of Freedom Award -Nov 2008

 

Premiere of 'The Living' Documentary Kyiv - Nov 2008

 

Gareth Jones 'Famine' Diaries - Chicago 2008

 

Aberystwyth Memorial Plaque 2006

 

 

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Gareth Jones' Newspaper Articles

from

Germany

Describing the Rise of the Dictator, Adolph Hitler.

(1931-34)

Gareth Jones’s articles were written and published following his visits to Germany in February and June 1933 and in August 1934 mainly, in The Western Mail.  He appeared to have great affection for the country and the people of that nation.  He had visited Germany yearly from 1923 and with his command of the German language, he, of any British man was in a position to comment on the momentous political events that were unfolding before him.  He witnessed during these visits, the rise of National Socialism occurring in the country and the adulation and worship of Adolph Hitler.  Though employed by David Lloyd George, signatory of the Treaty of Versailles, the former Prime Minister did not appear to influence him in his opinions.  Despite this, the great man must have influenced Gareth’s understanding of the situation.

 On his first visit in 1922, the German Mark had become worthless and he travelled through the country very cheaply.  He witnessed the temporary improvement of German finances in the late twenties only to see, in the early thirties at the time of the Great Depression, the plight of the 6,000,000 unemployed.  He saw the failure of German Democracy: he understood the reason for the German’s bitterness as a consequence of the Treaty and the fact that there had been no revision of this Treaty after more than a decade.  The Germans resented the fact that they had loss territory to the east and west of their country as well as their colonies.  He interviewed in 1931 Dr.Curtius, German Foreign Minister who spoke bitterly about the Polish Corridor controversy. [As early as July 1931, in an article for The Contemporary Review, Gareth foresaw the secret addendum to the August 1939 Molotov-Ribbontrop Pact in which Germany and Russia agreed to carve up Poland. CLICK HERE for a transcript of this article.]  The Foreign Minister was hostile towards the Poles and blamed President Wilson.  He understood not only that the repayment by the Germans of the reparations demanded of them after the peace agreement but also that the United States demand for settlement of the War debts was the main cause of the Depression throughout the World. 

He appreciated the legacy of the acrimonious Treaty of Versailles, which the Germans had been forced to accept, was a humiliation to a proud nation.  He realised he was seeing the rise of the dictatorship of Adolph Hitler and predicted with gloomy foreboding an impending Second World War.  This was before his tragic death on August 12th 1935 in China. 

His final words in the first series of articles were: “The Europe of 1933 has seen the birth of the Hitler dictatorship in Germany. What will it see in the Soviet Union?” 

Gareth visited Germany on three occasions during 1933 and 1934. His articles fall into three sections and there is a further section of miscellaneous writings. 

  1. "A Welshman looks at Europe".

Nazi Germany in February 1933.

The following 12 articles appeared as a series in The Western Mail throughout February 1933, entitled: 'A Welshman looks at Europe':

CLICK HERE for images of Gareth's diary covering his notes of flying with Hitler (describing him as like a middle-class grocer and Goebbels as a South Wales Miner), attending a Nazi Rally and then dining privately with Goebbels.

  1. WALES BONDS WITH THE CONTINENT. 
  1. GERMANY WANTS A NEW  FREDERICK THE GREAT.
  1. HITLER IS THERE, BUT WILL HE STAY?
  2. GERMAN & SLAV; Century-old Problems of Minorities.
  3. THE ICE BREAKS IN THE (Bohemian) MOUNTAINS.
  4. HOME [CZECH] INDUSTRIES ON THEIR DEATH-BED. 
  5. WORKLESS MILLIONS OF GERMANY. 
  6. HOW GERMANY TACKLES UNEMPLOYMENT.
  7. STORM OVER THE POLISH CORRIDOR.
  8. WITH HITLER ACROSS GERMANY.
On Thursday Mr. Gareth Jones is to fly with Hitler, the German Chancellor, from Frankfurt to attend a Nazi meeting.  This was the first time Hitler had invited a foreign observer to fly with him since he became Chancellor. 
  1. BEGINNING OF GERMAN FASCISM.
  1. PRIMITIVE WORSHIP OF HITLER.
Emotion of National Eisteddfod at Political Meeting. "The Europe of 1933 has seen the birth the Hitler dictatorship in Germany.  What will it see in the Soviet Union?"

 

Additional Articles

  1. THE RED LIGHT IN EAST EUROPE.  Frontier Quarrel Between Germany and Poland.  
  2. LETTER of CRITICISM.  Re. 'A Welshman looks at Europe'.
  3. WHITHER GERMANY?  Hitler Moving Towards Dictatorship. The Financial News - 1 March 1933.
  4. WHITHER GERMANY?  The Clash be Industry and Agriculture. The Financial News - 2 March 1933.
  1. Germany Under Hitler in 1933.

Gareth visited Germany again in June 1933.

The following series of articles were entitled "Germany Under Hitler" and printed in The Western Mail in June 1933:

  1. GERMANY UNDER THE RULE OF HITLER.  Death Blow to Democracy.
  2. GERMANY WAS NOT READY FOR DEMOCRACY.  Lacked Experience in Self- Government.  Enslaved by the New System.  
  3. CAMPAIGN OF HATRED AGAINST THE JEWS.  National Loss of Trade & Initiative.
  4. WORSHIP OF THE SOLDIER UNDER THE NAZI REGIME.  Hitler’s Policy “Towards the East.
    "Although Hitler now desires peace, there is in the combination of his Eastern expansionist policy with his militarist training of youth, a profound danger to the peace of Europe in years to come."
  5. NAZI'S INTERPRETATION OF CHRISTIANITY. God on the side of the Nationalists.
  6. METHODS OF NAZIS, FASCISTS AND BOLSHEVIKS.  Striking Similarities of Three Movements.

Two further articles were printed in The Western Mail shortly after the above series:

  1. STORM OVER EUROPE.  Will Hitler Save Germany?
  2. HERR HITLER'S BREAKAWAY (from League of Nations) - As the German Sees It.  Storm That has been Brewing for 14 years.
  1. Germany in 1934.

Third series of articles written in The Western Mail  shortly after the murder of Roehm and Dollfuss in July and August 1934: 

  1. FEAR OF AN ECONOMIC STORM IN GERMANY.
  2. BEHIND THE DRAMA OF GERMANY.
  3. THREE CATASTROPHES IN A MONTH. 
  4. FRANCE DOES NOT EXPECT WAR AT PRESENT.  Looking to the Friendship of Italy  - Nazi-Fascist Honeymoon Ends.  
  5. THE FORCES THAT ARE MENACING HITLER.  Germany Asking “Can He Last?” 
  6. AUSTRIA TORN BY DISSENSION AND FLAMING WITH HATRED.
  7. “SACRED CRUSADE” TO UNITE AUSTRIA WITH GERMANY.  Carinthians Talk of Noble Nazi Rising.
  8. WHERE WAR MAY COME FROM. Austro-Yugoslavian-Italian Frontier. Situation Similar to that of 1914.   
  9. ITALY’S BIG GUNS POINT TOWARDS AUSTRIA.  Hatred of Germany Bordering on Hysteria.
  10. VATICAN VERSUS MUSSOLINI.  War That May Rend Italy. Control of the Children.
  11. THE HYSTERIA OF GOERING.  “Priest surrounded by Greek Chorus.”  People’s Weakening Faith. 
  12. WHO ARE THE “Yeses” and “No” IN THE GERMAN PLEBISCITE.
  13. HITLER'S TRUMP CARD - Fear That Germany May Fall to Pieces.
  14. AUSTRIANS “ENSLAVED” BY ITALY.  Fanning Flames of Nazi Revolt. Oppression in South Tyrol.
  15. 10,000 PLANES ON GERMAN FRONTIERS.  Air-Minded Nation in the Making.
  16. WILL FRANCE WITHHOLD LORRAINE IRON ORE FROM THE SAAR? Hermann Röchling is the iron and steel king of the Saar... and is the outstanding figure in the campaign to secure the return of the Saar to Germany. 
  1. Germany in 1934. Miscellaneous Letters & Articles.

  1. GERMANY AWAKE.  Letter to Gareth from a Nazi.
  2. FROM STEEL HELMET.  Views of a Nazi.
  3. IMPRESSIONS OF GERMANY.  December 1932.   Gareth's Private thoughts on the immediate future of Germany in confidential report for Dr Ivy Lee, a leading New York PR consultant. [During the period of Schleicher’s Chancellorship. ]

Finally here is a link to one of Gareth's New York American Articles relating to Germany in 1931:

  1. FASCIST DICTATORSHIP IN GERMANY NOW A POSSIBILITY, Sunday, November 29th 1931. Development Seems Inevitable in Spring.

(With special thanks to Dr. Alun Jones for researching and chronologically listing all of Gareth's published articles.)


For further background articles on Nazi Germany,  please visit Spartacus School Net
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany.

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Original Research, Content & Site Design by Nigel Linsan Colley. Copyright © 2001-11 All Rights Reserved Original document transcriptions by M.S. Colley.Click here for Legal Notices.  For all further details email:  Nigel Colley or Tel: (+44)  0796 303  8888