Gareth Jones

[bas relief by Oleh Lesiuk]

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Documents pertaining to Gareth Jones’ unwritten book about 1935 Far East Politics.

Gareth Jones left Britain on October 26th 1934 for a round the ‘World Fact Finding tour’.  After 10 weeks in the United States he departed from San Francisco for the Far East in order to report on the political situation in the area and investigate Japan’s intention of territorial expansion.  His ultimate aim was to write a book, but due his tragic death in the hands of bandits in China on August 12th, 1935 he never achieved his goal.

  To accomplish his literary ambition he would have referred to the following documents.  They include articles he wrote for newspapers (in particular The Western Mail), interview notes which he intended to publish as articles and various documents of interest to him, sent home as his effects. 

By clicking on the country names below will reveal summaries of related articles written by Gareth. These articles can then be opened in order to view the full transcript:

  1. United States of America

    1. Menace of War Between America and Japan. Non-existent.

      An article dealing with the reason for the Japanese sensitivities in relation to the United States and report of an interview with the Japanese Ambassador to the U.S.A. Mr Saito. They relate to the opinions present in Washington.

    2. The Pacific Coast Outlook.

      An article written with reference to the opinions of the Californians as seen from a Pacific Coast perspective, the seaboard being closer to Japan.  It considers the 1924 Exclusion Act of Japanese immigrants, the non-recognition of Manchukuo and the presence of the American fleet in the Pacific.

  2. Hawaii

    1. Article from Paradise Times (Honolulu) referring to U.S.A. attitude to Japanese immigration.

    2. Enchantment & Disillusion in Hawaii. Gareth prefers Welsh beaches and notes: 'This friendly feeling between peoples of various races made the greatest impression upon me. '

    3. America's Great Hawaiian Problem. Hawaii contains more Japanese - the potential enemy - than any other nationality.  There are 140,000 Japanese nearly one half of the population.  Are they loyal to the Stars and Stripes, or do they still worship the Son of Heaven?

  3. Japan

    1. Japanese Empire in the Balance. By Ishihara Koichiro.  An article in Gareth Jones’ possession from the Japanese Weekly Chronicle, December 13th 1934 describing the ‘ravages of exploitation’ by the white races (Colonial powers).

    2. Interview with Amau (Amô) , Eliji, the Japanese Foreign Office Spokesman.   February and March 1935.  He proposed the ‘Amau Doctrine’ on April 17th 1934, which opposed Western aid to China and considered that Japan had a special mission to maintain peace and order in East Asia.  

    3. Anglo-American Relations From the Japanese Point of View.  March 1935. This article considers the varying and conflicting points of view of politicians as to whether an understanding was feasible with Japan.

    4. Will Japan adopt Fascism? March 5th, 1935. An interview with Matsuoka Yosuke who headed the Japanese delegation that attended the meeting of the League of Nations which denounced Japan for its conduct in annexing Manchuria.  He left the meeting and in March 1933 Imperial sanction was given for Japan to withdraw from the League of Nations.  

    5. What Japan wants in a Naval Treaty?  March 6th, 1935.  Interview with Admiral Osumi Mineo, the Naval Minister.  

    6. Interview With General Araki Sadao. He was appointed Minister of War in December 1931 with the Constitutionalists.  He supported the Strike-North faction, which favoured expansion into Communist Russia and prime mover in the conquest of Manchuria.  

    7. General Hayashi : Gareth Jones’s Questions To Japan’s War Minister. Hayashi assumed the position of Minister of War after General Araki.  He supported the rival faction was the Tosei-Ha or control school, which favoured striking south into China.  

    8. I discover the Seven Japanese Virtues. Gareth Jones’ praises the virtues of Japan as against the much publicised vices. 

    9. No Forgiveness for the “Rape” of Manchuria. If the bitterness of the Chinese is so great against the Japanese, the course of co-operation between the two nations will not run smoothly, and “Asia for the Asiatics” will long remain empty dream.

    10. Army v. Industrialists. Conflict in Japan. “The Army hates Osaka - the Manchester of Japan - for Osaka symbolizes capitalism, and the Army is anti-capitalistic.   

    11. Endnotes from Chapter on Japan from Gareth Jones - A Manchukuo Incident including  AMAU’S (Summer 1935) PRESS CONFERENCES, interviews with SIR ROBERT CLIVE, BRITISH AMBASSADOR, MATSUOKA YOSUKE, GENERAL ARAKI SADAO  and ADMIRAL OSUMI MINEO

  4. The Philippines  March/April 1935

    1. Colony Fears Freedom it has Found.

    2. Philippine Islands.

    3. Light on the Way to the Philippines. 

      These first two articles deal with the issues that are feared following the granting of independence to the Islands by President Roosevelt and Act of Congress. The last article is a general article relating to his Far Eastern voyages.

  5. Java. (Indonesia) April 1935

    1. Japanese Influence Spreads South.

    2. Dutch fears of Japan in the Netherlands East Indies.

    3. Land of Poisons, Witchcraft and Curses.  The Land of Four Curses.  Gareth discusses the less political problems of French Indo- China.

      The first two of these articles cover the fears that are directed towards the Japanese ambition of expansion in the Far East and the acquisition of colonies. The third is a light-hearted piece about the local belief in witchcraft.

  6. Siam (Thailand)   April and May 1935

    1. Interview with Luang Pradit. Pridi Panomyong (Luang Pradit) was a law graduate who became leader of a group of idealists dissatisfied with the arrogance of the Royal Princes.   In 1932 Pradit was involved in a coup d'etat to overthrow the Princes.

    2. The Siamese Minister of Education, The Professor and the Journalist. A Trilogue.   A discussion on Siamese education.

    3. Does Japan Dominate Siam?  Interesting article in view of the fact Siam was the only country which refrained from voting against Japan at the League of Nations.

    4. Japanese Influence in Siam.  Similar article to ‘Does Japan Dominate Siam?’ but deals more with the economy and trade between Japan and Siam.. 

    5. Asia is speeding towards State Socialism.  Gareth Jones asks the question: “Will the 20th century see a Socialistic Asia, which will be able by its industry and discipline to conquest the markets of Europe and America?”  

    6. THE FAR EAST ASIA.   Militarism  In Asia.  Gareth Jones discusses the Worship of the Soldier in the countries he has visited in the Far East and the rise of militarism.

      These last four articles are devoted to Gareth Jones’ far reaching interpretation of newspaper reports, interviews and discussions undertaken with the view of investigating the intentions of the Japanese. The opinions of his associates earlier in his ‘Round the World Fact Finding Tour’ were conflicting and Gareth wished to investigate the truth.  The varying opinions range from those of persons in Japan to the final interview with Marshall Chang Hsueh-liang.

  7. China

    1. China  - Date uncertain.  Mr Archie Rose gave this synopsis of the political and economic situation of China in the mid-30s to Gareth.

    2. Mayor of Canton.  Interview by Gareth Jones on June 7th 1935.

    3. Journey from Canton to Changsha. June 12th  1935.  Gareth undertook an adventurous journey unaccompanied to ‘Yale in China’, Changsha through bandit territory.

    4. Interview with Marshall Chang Hsueh-liang, Marshall Chiang Kai-shek’s deputy Commander-in-Chief on June 20th 1935.  The Young Marshall’s father was killed by the Japanese and he lost his province of Manchuria to them following the Mukden Incident in 1931. He vehemently hated the Japanese. In view of this Gareth Jones’ questions are very direct!

    5. Interview with Prince Teh Wang. Chief of the Mongol princes on July 14th 1935, an interview taken from Gareth Jones’ diaries.

  8. Germany

    1. "Gareth Jones Murdered- Shot by his Kidnappers." Berliner Tageblett, 16th August 1935 Front page editorial obituary by editor-in-chief, Paul Scheffer, also banned for his Soviet reporting of the late 1920s and also a newspaper for which Gareth Jones wrote.

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Original Research, Content & Site Design by Nigel Linsan Colley. Copyright © 2001-11 All Rights Reserved Original document transcriptions by M.S. Colley.Click here for Legal Notices.  For all further details email:  Nigel Colley or Tel: (+44)  0796 303  8888